TextEmporer Joshua Norton I was born in 1819 in London, England. He came to San Francisco in 1849 from the Cape of Good Hope in South Africa with $40,000 and amassed a fortune in the real estate business. In 1854, he lost his fortune by trying to corner the rice market. On September 17, 1859, Norton issued the first of many proclomations and declared himself Emporer of the United States and Protecter of Mexico. He was well respected and loved throughout San Francisco. He made many visionary proclamations and printed his own currency.
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